Nepal is a small multi-ethnic country with over 100 ethnic groups and 92 different languages. Because of the diversity, there is a great diversity reflected in language, food, dance, music, etc.
What is Tika?
Tikka is a red powder used by Hindus in various practices. Most commonly people put it on one another’s foreheads as a blessing. Sometimes it is just a dry powder and sometimes it’s a wet sticky mixed with rice.
What Tika symbolizes?
Tika symbolizes the blessings for bestowing good fortune, health and long life upon those who get to wear them from their elders/ priest. Tika not only adds color to the spirit but wish for your wellbeing. Tikka high on the forehead is also a sign of marriage for Hindu women.
The tika is a symbol of purity. Tika is one of the important auguring good luck items in the religious and cultural rituals of Nepal especially in Hindu families. People offer this power to honor gods and apply in return in their forehead as red dot after visiting temples. After any rituals, people apply red powder in the forehead as a symbol of good luck and mark of celebration. As Guests are regarded god in Nepal, the visitors are often welcomed in the house putting a red dot on the forehead.
The tika also symbolizes good luck, bravery, auspicious and many more. The Nepali lady becomes a wife forever after man applies the tika (sindoor) on her upper forehead, a line made by parting the hair. This is accepting partner for eternity. After getting married until the widowhood, each day women should beautify her applying tika (sindoor) on her forehead. This line of tika (sindoor) reminds women to be in chastity and be faithful to her husband. This faithfulness is supposed to be a sacred power by which a man makes progress for the family. This ritual has been practiced here for centuries. This will make long life of husbands, security of family and progress.
Tika (sindur) is a mark of a married woman in Hinduism. A single woman does not wear tika (sindur) in the hair, but wear a yellow dot on the forehead. But any person can apply on the middle or lower end of the oforeheadas good luck.
Music and Dance in Nepal
Many ethnic groups live in Nepal. Each of the ethnic group have own music and dancing culture. Their unique music and dancing culture make Nepal rich in cultural music. Especially, pop, rock, folk and classical music are in practice. On top of that modern songs also known as sugam sangeet that are soft and melodious are also popular in Nepal. Traditional music developed by different traditional groups also are in practice. Rodhi (Gurung), Yakthungs (Limbu) are some example of traditional music.
Similarly, these ethnic groups also have their own dancing culture. They practice various forms of dance. Some of the examples are Dhaan Nach (paddy dance) and Chya:brung (Dhol Nach "drum dance").
Janai is a cotton string worn across the chest by Hindu male. This thread is only given to males during a long and impressive religious ceremony called Bratabandhan. Almost all the religions have a type of Bratabandhan, but known by different names. Bratabandhan is basically a formal process of accepting someone in the religion.